Introduction

Ghana is Africa’s friendliest country on the continent. Ghana stands out tall among all the African countries as the preferred tourist destination on the continent with its rich colorful traditions, history and art coupled with the natural scenic beauty.

Ghana boost of several beautiful, interesting/entertaining and educative tourist attractions such as forts and castles, museums, arts, festivals and traditions, natural reserves, special events organized annually etc.

 

HISTORY

Ghana formerly called the Gold Coast (because of its gold deposits) became the first country in sub-Saharan Africa to gain independence in 1957. Kwame Nkrumah, the nation’s first president was overthrown in a coup d’état in 1966 after ruling the country for nine years. After Kwame Nkrumah, Ghana was ruled by a series of military coup with intermittent experiments with democratic rule, most of which were interrupted by military takeovers. After series of coups a new constitution restoring multiparty politics was approved in 1992. Ghana can boost of the most thriving democracy on the continent.

Geography

Ghana a country on the West Coast of Africa was formed from the merger of the British colony of the Gold Coast and the Togoland trust territory. It bordered to the east by Togo, to the west by Cote d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast), to the north by Burkina Faso and the Gulf of Guinea to the south. It covers an area of 238,540 square kilometers (92,100 square miles). It lies precisely on Latitude 4-11.5 North and Longitude 3.11 West and 1.11 East and it’s at the centre of the world.

The grassy plain stretches inland from the coast while the south and west are covered by dense rainforest. Beyond the forested hills of the north, the dry savannah and woodland covers the area. Ghana’s coastline is dotted with sandy palm-fringed beaches and lagoons.

Economy and Culture

The country’s economy is dominated by agriculture, which employs about 41.2% (2010 census) of the working population. Ghana is one of the leading exporters of cocoa in the world. It is also a significant exporter of commodities such as gold and lumber. Ghana is blessed with most of the natural resources like bauxite, diamond etc. Oil was discovered in commercial quantities in the year 2007 which makes Ghana exporter of oil.

Ghana has a population of 24,658,823 million drawn from more than one hundred ethnic groups, each with its own unique language. English is the official language, a legacy of British colonial rule. The male population is 12,024,845 million and 12,633,978 million for female population.


Ghana is a highly religious country with 71.2% of its population been Christians and 17.6% representing Islam. Traditional believers represent 5.2% and Non-believers representing 5.3% (2010 population and housing census statistics)

Ghana is known for its fusion of traditional and contemporary into its culture. Artifacts such as colorful woven kente cloth and carved wooden stools take on ceremonial importance as they portray the history and traditions of the country. Among the major products are wooden sculptures and “ntumpane” (talking-drums)